Reclaimed wood is one of the alternatives to address the problem of scarcity of wood and answer the demands of eco-living. Reclaimed wood is the use of an object that uses wood material to be converted into another object, so that wood which has previously been used with its shape and function can then be changed in shape and even in function. For furniture design products in the country, the use of reclaimed wood has long been done but not many people know about it.
Timber reclamation activities can be said to be the same as recycling activities, but in furniture production activities the use of wood materials other than recycled wood can also reduce the use of wood and use existing wood materials as much as possible. As far as possible the residual or production yield or wood waste is not more than 5%, even as far as possible the residual can be remade into other products. The wise use of reclaimed wood and very little waste not only requires expertise but the most important thing is the spirit of loving nature and the forest, this is the role of designers who love nature playing an important role. Many furniture producers and industries in Indonesia use reclaimed wood furniture and the main market for these products is the European market.
Many people in European countries are very fond of this type of furniture material. The shape and model of furniture were born to adapt materials that have unique shape characteristics. Many requests for furniture or other goods with wood raw materials have resulted in increased demand for raw materials while the supply of reclaimed wood raw materials is limited. This had become an obstacle in production. As in economic principles, if demand is large but goods are low the price will rise; especially if the item has a unique value.
This also happened to reclaimed wooden furniture. Material constraints cause limited production and the uniqueness of the product causes the price of goods to be high. It is not uncommon for potential buyers to turn to products that are not reclaimed or resemble reclaimed, but use new wood raw materials. To market reclaimed products, producers take various steps such as providing education to the public about eco-living, telling potential buyers about all the benefits of reclaimed wood to obtaining international certification.
an internationally recognized symbol if the product being marketed uses wood raw materials from the forest responsibly. All wood taken from the forest through an official process and wood took is really unprotected wood in the sense that the amount is still very much. This certification was issued by a world organization called the Forest Stewardship Council which is very determined to fight for the preservation of forests in the world. This symbol also provides certification to companies that use recycled products and other materials that have a substitution value (sustainable).
Besides being reclaimed, there is another action that is quite well known in the eco-living movement, which is sustainable, which means sustainable or there is a replacement. Sustainable in the furniture world has also been done for a long time, such as by using raw materials that are easily recovered or can be cultivated, for example, the use of bamboo or rattan material. The use of natural fibers which are also evident in Indonesia such as abaca fibers, fibers from water hyacinth, fibers from grass, and fibers from banana trees. The fiber is woven and made into a kind of rope or a kind of mat and then assisted with other materials and can be combined so that it becomes an attractive and very identical product.
Sources of raw materials
Designing reclaimed wood-based furniture
Journal article Humaniora Binus • 2010